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Writer's Note: The primary material listed below has generally been published by multiple publishers in many different editions. Therefore, as to the cited material, City and Publisher has been omitted. The bibliograhy below is not complete, but is intended to list only generally available material. A major portion of the text has been written from various contemporeous newspaper and magazine accounts, exhibits in museums, court records, and other materials including business cards, post card legends, advertisements, and historical markers alongside highways. Resort has been made in most instances to census and geneaolgy data for indiviuals referred to in the text.

Abbott, Edward C. "Teddy Blue". We Pointed Them North: Recollections of a Cowpuncher: New York: Farrar & Rinehart, 1939

Adams, Andy: The Outlet, 1895

Adams, Andy: Reed Anthony, a Cowman , 1907

Albright, Horace M. and Schenck, Marian Albright: Creating the National Park Service: the Missing Years, 1999

Ambrose, Stephen: Nothing Like it in the World, 2000

Beadle, John Hanson: The Undevloped West, or, Five Years in the Territories, 1873

Belden, George P.: Belden, the White Chief; or, Twelve years Among Wild Indians of the Plains, From the Diaries and Muanuscripts of George P. Belden , Edited by Gen. James S. Brinson, U.S.A. , 1870

Benton, Frank: Cowboy Life on the Sidetrack, 1903

Bierce, Ambrose: A Sole Survivor from The Collected Works of Ambrose Bierce, Volume 1, 1909,

Black, William: Green Pastures and Piccadilly, 1877

Bradbury, John: Travels in the Interior of America, in the Years 1809, 1810, and 1811, 1819

Carrington, Margaret Irvin: Ab-sa-ra-ka, Home of the Crows: Being the Experience of an Officer's Wife on the Plains, 1868

Chisholm, James: Journal, originally published as a series of newspaper articles in 1866. Published in book form by the University of Nebraska Press, 1960.

Chittenden, Hirem Martin:The American Fur Trade in the Far West, 1902

Clay, John: My Life On the Range, 1924

Clyman, Jim: Journal of a Mountain Man, manuscript owned by the State Historical Society of Wisconsin

Wetmore, Helen Cody. Buffalo Bill: Last of the Great Scouts: 1899 Cook, James H.: Fifty Years on the Old Frontier As Cowboy, Hunter, Guide, Scout, and Ranchman, 1925

Cook, John: The Border and the Buffalo: An Untold Story of the Southwest Plains,1907

Coutant, Charles Griffin: History of Wyoming 1899

Crofutt, George: Crofutt's Trans-Continental Guide, 1871

Crofutt, George: Crofutt's Trans-Continental Tourist's Guide, 1872

Custer, Elizabeth: Boots and Saddles, 1885

Custer, Elizabeth: Following the Guidon , 1890

Custer, George Armstrong: My Life on the Plains, 1874

Cutler, William G. History of the State of Kansas, 1883

Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel: The Romance of the Colorado River, 1902

Dimsdale, Thomas Josiah: Vigilantes of Montana 1865

Dodge, G. M. [Gen.]:How We Built the Union Pacific Railway, 1910

Drago, Harry Sinclair: The Great Range Wars: Violence on the Grasslands, University of Nebraska Press, 1985

Drannan, William F.: Chief of Scouts as Pilot to Emigrant and Government trains Across the Plains of the Wild West of Fifty Years Ago, 1910

Windum, Thomas, the Earl of Dunraven: The Great Divide: A Narrative of Travels in the Upper Yellowstone in the Summer of 1874. With Maps and numerous striking full page-Illustrations by Valentine W. Bromley, 1876

Farlow, Edward J, Wind River Adventure, High Plains Press, Glendo, 1998.

Fee, Chester Anders; Chief Joseph, the Biography of a Great Indian, 1936

Ferris, Warren Angus: ROCKY MOUNTAINS, A Diary of Wanderings on the sources of the Rivers Missouri, Columbia, and Colorado, from February, 1830, to November 1835, published in installments in the Western Literary Messenger between July 1842 and May 1844.

Fisher, Harriet White: A Woman's World-Tour in a Motor, 1911

Franchère, Gabriel: Relation d'un voyage a la Cote du NordOuest de l'Amerique septentrionale darts les anndes 1810'14, (1854 translation by Jedediah Vincent Huntington)

Frankleton, Will: Sagebrush Dentist, as told to Herman Gastrell Seely, A. C. McClurg & Co., Chicago, 1941.

French, William: Recollections of a Western Ranchman, 1927

Fremont, John C.: Report of the Exploring Expeditin to the Rocky Mountains in the Year 1842, and to Oregon and North California in the Years 1843-44, 1845

Grey, Zane: To the Last Man , 1921

Grey, Zane: Last of the Plainsmen, 1908

Grey, Zane: UP Trail, 1918

Guise, Anselm Verener Lee: Six Years in Bolivia: The Adventures of a Mining Engineer, 1922

Hafen, LeRoy and Ann: Handcarts to Zion , The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1960

Hanson, Joseph M.: The Conquest of the Missouri, 1946

Herrmann, Karl Stephen: A recent campaign in Puerto Rico by the Independent Regular Brigade under command of Brig. General Schwan, 1907

Hickman: Brigham's Destroying Angel, 1872

Hockett, William N.: Boone May — Gunfighter of the Black Hills, 2002

Horn, Tom: Life of Tom Horn: Government Scout and Interpreter: Written by Himself Together with His Letters and Statements by His Friends: A Vindication, 1904

Houck, Louis: History of Missouri, 1908

Ingraham, Prentiss [Col.]: Adventures of Buffalo Bill from Boyhood to Manhood, Deeds of Daring, Scenes of Thrilling, Peril and Romantic Incidents in the Early Life of W. F. Cody, The Monarch of Bordermen, 1882

Ingraham, Prentiss [Col.]: A Romance of Buck Taylor and his Boys in Buckskin, 1891

Inman, Henry (with Wm. F. Cody), The Great Salt Lake Trail, 1898

Irving, Washington: The Adventures of Captain Bonneville; or, Scenes beyond the Rocky Mountains of the Far West, based on Benjamin L. E. Bonneville's expedition into the west 1832-1836, 1837

Irving, Washington: Astoria, 1836

Johnson, Rolf, Happy As a Big Sunflower: Adventures in the West, 1875-1880, 2000

Kelly, Charles: The Outlaw Trail, A History of Butch Cassidy & His Wild Bunch, 1996

Krakel, Dean Fenton: The Saga of Tom Horn: The Story of a Cattlemen's War 1954

Lander, F. W.: Reconnaissance of a Railroad Route From Puget Sound via South Pass to the Mississippi River, 1856

Langford, Nathaniel P.: Vigilante Days and Ways 1890

Larson, T. E.: History of Wyoming, 1965

Lavender, David: Bent's Fort 1954

Leslie, M.: California: a pleasure trip from Gotham to the Golden Gate, 1877

Luttig, John C.: The Journal of a Fur-Trading Expedition on the Upper Missouri, 1812-1813, edited by Stella Drumm, Missouri Historical Society, 1920

Marguis, Thomas Bailey: She Watched Custer's Last Battle: Her Story, Interpreted, 1927

McCoy, Joseph G.: Historic Sketches of the Cattle Trade of the West and Southwest, 1874

McLaurin, John J.: Sketches in Crude Oil 1896

Meadows, Anne: Digging up Butch and Sundance, 1994

Mercer, Asa Shinn: Banditti of the Plains, or the Cattlemen's Invasion of Wyoming in 1892 -- The Crowing Infamy of the Age, 1894

Miles, Recollections, 1896

Mills, Charles H.: (Harvest of Barren Regrets: The Army Career of Frederick William Benteen, 1834-1898, 1985

Mix, Olive (with Eric Heath):The Fabulous Tom Mix, 1957

Mokler, Alfred James: History of Natrona County, 1888-1922, 1923

Monaghan, Jay: Last of the Bad Men, 1946

Nelson, T. & Sons: The Union Pacific Railroad: A Trip across the North American Continent from Omaha to Ogden, 1871

Nye, Bill: Bill Nye and Boomerang; or The Tale of a meek-Eyed Mule and Some Other Literary Gems, 1881

Osgood, Ernest Staples: The Day of the Cattleman, the legend of the Wild West viewed against the truth of history, The Univversity of Minnesota, 1929

Parker, Samuel [The Reverend]: Journal of an Exploring tour Beyond the Rocky Mountains, Under the Direction of the A. B. C. F. M. Performed in the Years 1835, '36, and '37, 1838

Parkman, Francis: The Oregon Trail,

Pinkerton, Alan: Strikers, Communists, Tramps and Detectives, 1877

Pattie, James O.: Personal Narative, 1831

Pine, George W.: Beyond the West, 1873

Powell, John Wesley: Canyons of the Colorado, 1895

Pringle, Catherine Sager: Across the Plains in 1844, 1860

Raye C. Ringholz, Raye C.: Little Town Blues, 1992

Roberts, Harold D.: Salt Creek Wyoming: The Story of a Great Oil Field, 1956

Rollins, Philip Ashton: The Cowboy HIS CHARACTERISTICS, HIS EQUIPMENT, AND HIS PART IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE WEST Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, 1922.

Roosevelt, Theodore: An Autobiography , 1913

Roosevelt, Theodore: Hunting the Grisly and Other Sketches, 1893

Roosevelt, Theodore: Hunting Trips of a Ranchman, 1885

Roosevelt, Theodore: The Rough Riders, 1899

Root, Frank and Connelly, William: The Overland Stage to California: Personal Reminiscenses and Anthentic History of the Great Overland Stage Line and Pony Express From the Missour River to the Pacific Ocean,, 1901

Ross, Alexander: Adventures of the First Settlers on the Oregon or Columbia River : Being a Narrative of the Expedition Fitted Out by John Jacob Astor, to Establish the Pacific Fur Company: With an Account of Some Indian Tribes on of the Coast of the Pacific, 1849

Rusling, James F.[Gen.] in his book The Great West, 1869

Sabin, Edwin L.: Building the Pacific Railway: The construction story of American's Firt Iron Thoroughfare, 1919

Sage, Rufus B.: Rocky Mountain Life, 1846

Seymour, Silas: Incidents of a Trip Through the Great Platte Valley, to the Rocky Mountains and Laramie Plains, in the Fall of 1866, with a Synoptical Statement of the Various Pacific Railroads, and an Account of the Great Union Pacific Railroad Excursion to the One Hundredth Meridian of Longitude, 1867

Sheridan, Philip H.[Gen.]: Personal Memoirs,

Sienkiewicz, Henryk: Listy z podozy do Ameryki, "Letters and Portraits from America," 1876

Siringo, Charles Anelo: A Texas Cowboy: or, Fifteen Years on the Hurricane Deck of a Spanish Pony, 1885

Spring, Agnes Wright: Good Little Bad Man: The Life of Colorado Charley Utter, 1987

Stansbury, Howard [Capt. (Brevet Lt. Co.)]: Report, 1855

Stevenson, Robert Louis: Across the Plains, 1892

Stevens, Thomas: Around the World on a Bicycle, 1887

Stewart, Elinore Pruitt: Letters of a Woman Homesteader, 1914

Strahorn, Carrie Adell: 10,000 Miles by Stage, 1911

Strahorn,Robert E. The Hand-Book of Wyoming and Guide to the Black Hills and Big Horn Regions for Citizens, Emigrant and Tourist, 1877

Thompson, William [Col.]: Reminisences of a Pioneer, 1912

Trunk, J. M. [The Rev.]: History of Slovene Communities, 1912

Twain, Mark (Samuel L. Clemens): Roughing It, 1880

La Vérendrye, François de,: Journal of the Expedition of the Chevalier de La Vérendrye and One of His Brothers to Reach the Western Sea, Addressed to M. the Marquis de Beauharnois, 1742-43, Published 1927

Victor, Frances Fuller: 1870 The River of the West 1870

Visscher, William Lightfoot: A Thrilling and Truthful History of the Pony Express, 1908

Ware, Eugene F.: The Indian War of 1864, 1911

Wells, Charles Polk: Life and Adventures of Polk Wells, the Notorious Outlaw, published by G. A. Wanica, 1907. Welsch, Roger L.: Catfish at the Pump: Humor and the Frontier, 1986

Wheeler, Edward L.: Deadwood Dick the Prince of the Road; or the Black Rider of the Black Hills, 1877

Widstoe, John A. [Dr.]: Dry-Farming, A System of Agriculture for Countries Under Low Rainfall, 1920

williams, Henry T., The Pacific Tourist, Williams' Illustrated Guide to Pacific R.R., California, and Pleasure Resorts across the Continent 1876

Winter, Charles Edward: Grandon of Sierra, J. J. Little & Ives Co., New York, 1907

Wister, Owen: Lin McLean, 1897

Wister, Owen: The Virginian, Horseman of the Plains, 1902

Wooley, L. H.: California 1849-1913,

Wright, Thomas: Life of Sir Richard Burton, 1906


Kansas, A Cylopedia of State History, Standard Pub. Co., Chicago, 1912.

Oral Histories from the Works Progress Administration, Federal Writers Project, 1936-1940:

William Owens
John J. Baker
Louis Newman
Jacob Bennett
Samuel Dunn Houston
Ben Kinchlow
Frank Leroy Ramsey

Progressive Men of Western Colorado, 1905

Brimmer, Clarence A.: "The Rancher's Subservient Surface Estate", V Land & Water L.Rev.[Now the Wyoming Law Review] 49(1970)

Johnson, Laura Winthrop: "Eight Hundred Miles in an Ambulance," Lippincott's Magazine of Popular Literature and Science, June 1875

Yellow Fever and the Reed Commission, 1898-1901, University of Virginia Health System, Hench-Reed Yellow Fever Collection.


Anderson v. Cliff Gold Mining Co., 47 Wyo. 349, 38 P. 2d 334 (1934)

Board of County Commissioners of Teton County v. Crow, 2003 Wy 40, 65 P. 3d 720 (2003)

Caldwell v. Roach, 44 Wyo. 319, 12 P. 2d 376 (1932)

Desmond v. Poulos, 69 Wyo. 129, 237 P. 2d 853 (1951)

United States v. Douglas Willan Sartoris Co., 3 Wyo 287, 22 P. 92 (1889).

Laramie Rivers Co. v. Watson, 69 Wyo. 333, 241 P. 2d 1080 (1952)

Henning v. Miller, 44 Wyo 114, 8 P. 2d 825 (1932)

Hernandez v. State, 976 P. 2d 672 (Wyo. 1999)

Horn v. State, 12 Wyo. 80, 73 Pac. 705 (1903)

Iba v. Central Ass'n of Wyo., 5 Wyo 355 (1895)

Kinney-Coastal Oil Co. v. Kieffer, 277 U.S. 488 (1928)

Mingo Oil Producers v. Kamp Cattle Co., 776 P. 2d 736 (Wyo. 1989)

New York Life Ins. Co. v. Nashville Trust Co., 178 Tenn. 437, 159 S. W. 2d 2d 81 (1942)

New York Life Ins. Co. v. Nashville Trust Co., 200 Tenn 513, 292 S.W. 2d 749 (1956)

Perko v. Rock Springs Commercial Co., 37 Wyo. 98, 259 P 250 (1927)

Riedesel v. Towne, 66 Wyo. 160, 206 P. 2d 747 (1949)

Sakamoto v. Kemmerer Coal Co., 36 Wyo. 325, 259 P. 356 (1927)

Shomo v. Burgess, 344 Wyo 197, 10 P. 2d 611 (1932)

Starr v. United States, 153 U.S. 614 (1894

Starr v. United States, 164 U.S. 627 (1897)

State ex rel. Budge v. Snyder, 31 Wyo. 333, 225 P. 1102 (1924)

State ex rel Feeney v. District Court, 607 P. 2d 1259 (Wyo. 1980)

State v. Powers, 33 Wyo. 424, 239 P. 1044 (1925)

Secondary Sourcces)

Axelrod, Alan and Dan Fox. Songs of the Wild West, New York, Simon & Schuster, 1991

Blevins, Winfred. The Dictionary of the American West, Ware, Hertforshire, Wordsworth, 1991

Bowman, John S. The American west Year by Year:, New York, Crescent Books, 1995

Brown, George M., Ponce de Leon land and Florida war record: St. Augustine, FL, The Record Printing Company, 1910.

Bruun, Eric and Jay Crosby. Living History America, The History of the United States in Documents, Essays, Letters, Songs and Poem:New York, Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers, 1999

Bryan, T. Scott. The Geysers of Yellowstone: Boulder, CO, Colorado Associated University Press, 1979

Burt, Nathaniel. Wyoming: Oakland, CA Company American Guides, 1998.

Campbell, Robert. A Narrative of Colonel Robert Cambell's Experiences in the Rocky Mountain Fur Trade From 1825 to 1835, Edited with an introduction and notes by Drew Alan Holloway: Fairfield, WA, Ye Galleon Press, 1999

Christgau, JOhn. The Origins of the Jump Shot: Eight Men Who Shook the World of Basketball, University of Nebraska Press, 1999.

Duncan, Dayton and Ken Burns. Lewis & Clark, an Illustrated History: New York, Alfred A. Knopf, 1999.

Golay, Michael and John S. Bowman. North American Exploration: John Wiley & Sons, 2003.

Jahns, Patricia The Frontier World of Doc Holliday: Faro Dealer from Dallas to Deadwood

Kelly, C. Brian. Best Little Stories from the Wild West: Nashville, TN, Cumberland House, 2000

Hornung, clarence P. The Way it Was in the West: New York, Smithmark Publishers, New York, 1978.

Kelly, Charles. The Outlaw Trail, A History of Burch Cassidy & His Wild Bunch Lincoln, University of Nebraska Press, 1938

Keefer, William R. The Geologic Story of Yellowstone National Park: Yellowston Library & Museum Assoc., 1976

Keenan, Jerry. Encyclopedia of American Indian Wars, 1492-1890: New York, W. W. Norton, 1999.

Knowles, Thomas W. and Joe R. Lansdale. The West That Was: New York, Random House, 1993

Lavender, David Sievert. The Overland Migrations, Settlers to Oregon, California and Utah: Washington, DC, Division of Publications National Park Service, 1979

Lindmier, Tom and Steve Mount Steve. I See by Your Outfit, Historic Cowboy Gear of the Northern Plains: Glendo, WY, High Plains Press, 1996

Marshall, S.L.A. [Brig Gen.]. Crimsoned Prairie, The Wars Between the United States and the Plains Indians During the Winning of the West: New York, Charles Scribners Sons, 1972

Miller, Donald C. Ghost towns of Wyoming: boulder, CO, Pruett Publishing Company, 1977

Nester, William R. From Mountain Man To Millionaire, The Bold and Dashing Life of Robert Campbell: Columbia, MO, University of Missouri Press, 1999

O'Neal, Bill and James A. Crutchfield and Dale L. Walker. The Wild west, Lincolnwood, Ill, Publications International, Ltd., 2002

Oppel, Frank. Frederic Remington Selected Writings: Secaucus, NJ, Castle, 1981

Rosa, Joseph G. The Gunfighter, Man or Myth: Norman, OK, University of Oklahoma Press, 1964

Smythe, William E. The History of San Diego, An Account of the Rise and Progress of the Pioneer Settlement on the PacificCoast of the United States: 1907

A True and Authentic Account of the Indian War in Florida; New York, Saunders & Van Welt, 1836.

Viola, Herman J. Exploring the West: Washington, DC, Smithsonian books, 1987

Wallis, Michael. The Real Wild West, the 101 ranch and the creation of the American West: New York, St. Martins Press, 1999


Land Patents from B.L.M

Family Search A free geneaology site from the L.D.S.

Historic Wyoming Buildings from American Memory

Social Security Death Index Searchable data base of names, birth dates, death dates, Social security numbers and other useful information about more than 55 million people.

Topozone U.S.G.S Maps

Wyoming Census Finder